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Table 4 Mean, genetic variance (\({{\varvec{\sigma}}}_{{\varvec{g}}}^{2}\)), heritability estimate (\({{\varvec{h}}}^{2}\)), error variance (\({{\varvec{\sigma}}}_{{\varvec{e}}}^{2}\)) and coefficient of variation (CV in %) of EW content (mg·dm−2), EWI-1, EWI-2, EWI-3, EWI-4, EWI-9 and EWI-13

From: High-resolution spectral information enables phenotyping of leaf epicuticular wax in wheat

   Mean \({\sigma }_{g}^{2}\) \({h}^{2}\) \({\sigma }_{e}^{2}\) CV
EW (mg·dm−2) DS-1 1.72 0.014 0.56 0.014 6.9
  DS-2 2.40 0.015 0.51 0.018 5.8
  DS-3 1.54 0.016 0.58 0.014 7.6
EWI-1 DS-1 0.31 0.00039 0.78 0.00025 5.0
  DS-2 0.37 0.0004 0.86 0.0001 2.9
  DS-3 0.41 0.0007 0.78 0.0004 5.2
EWI-2 DS-1 0.31 0.00039 0.83 0.00025 5.1
  DS-2 0.17 0.0003 0.77 0.0002 7.9
  DS-3 0.41 0.00001 0.46 0.0004 5.2
EWI-3 DS-1 6.72 2.07 0.85 0.72 12.6
  DS-2 3.2 0.34 0.78 0.19 13.7
  DS-3 26.6 7.4 0.48 16.5 13.9
EWI-4 DS-1 − 1.28 0.0006 0.58 0.0008 22.7
  DS-2 -0.23 0.0003 0.65 0.0002 6.8
  DS-3 − 0.37 0.0007 0.80 0.0003 5.3
EWI-9 DS-1 -0.48 0.0065 0.84 0.0024 10.2
  DS-2 − 0.28 0.0016 0.74 0.0011 12.1
  DS-3 − 0.12 0.00006 0.63 0.00007 7.3
EWI-13 DS-1 0.72 0.0001 0.75 0.00007 11.5
  DS-2 0.092 0.000039 0.78 0.000023 5.2
  DS-3 0.29 0.0001 0.62 0.0001 3.6
  1. EW and the indices were estimated across three sets of data (DS 1 to 3) collected from wheat inbreed lines evaluated during the agronomic cycle from 2012 to 2013, 2014 to 2015 and 2016 in the research station of CIMMYT near at Ciudad Obregon, Sonora in Mexico and Bushland, Texas