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Table 2 Broad band vegetation indices for phenotyping specific traits in plants

From: High-resolution spectral information enables phenotyping of leaf epicuticular wax in wheat

Broad band VI Abbreviation Formula Reference
Violet wavelength VIO \({\rho }_{400} / {\rho }_{451}\)  
Blue wavelength BL \({\rho }_{454} to {\rho }_{496}\)  
Green wavelength GR \({\rho }_{499} to {\rho }_{517}\)  
Yellow wavelength YW \({\rho }_{574} to {\rho }_{589}\)  
Orange wavelength OR \({\rho }_{592} to {\rho }_{619}\)  
Red wavelength RED \({\rho }_{622} to {\rho }_{748}\)  
Red-edge wavelength RE \({\rho }_{691} to {\rho }_{730}\)  
Near infrared wavelength NIR \({\rho }_{751} to {\rho }_{997}\)  
Normalized difference vegetation index NDVI \((NIR-Red) / (NIR+Red)\) [48]
Simple ratio index SR \(NIR / Red\) [47]
Green normalized difference vegetation index NDVI-green \((NIR-Green) / (NIR+Green)\) [79]
Modified simple ratio MSR \(Red/{ (NIR/Red+1)}^{0.5}\) [80]
Renormalized difference vegetation index RDVI \((NIR-Red) / {(NIR+Red)}^{0.5}\) [81]
Red-green vegetation index RGRI \(Red-Green\) [82]
Ratio vegetation index RVI \(Red / NIR\) [76]
Difference vegetation index DVI \(NIR-Red\) [83]
SR & NDVI SR-NDVI \(({NIR}^{2}-Red) / (NIR+{Red}^{2})\) [53]
NDVI-Red-edge NDVI-RE \((NIR-{Red}_{edge}) / (NIR+{Red}_{edge})\) [76]
Rededge chlorophyll index CI-Rededge \((NIR / {Red}_{edge})-1\) [76]
Anthocyanin reflectance index ARI-1 \((1/Green) / (1/{Red}_{edge})\) [76]
Modified Anthocyanins reflectance index mARI \(\left(1/Green\right) / \left(1/{Red}_{edge}\right)*NIR\) [76]
Anthocyanin reflectance index ARI-2 \(Green / NIR\) (76)