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Table 5 Genetic gain (GG in mg·dm−2), genetic advance with respect to the mean (GAM in %) and response to direct selection (R) of EW

From: High-resolution spectral information enables phenotyping of leaf epicuticular wax in wheat

   DS-1 DS-2 DS-3
GG EW 0.65 0.89 0.59
GAM (%) EW 2.5 1.7 3.3
R EW 0.09 0.08 0.12
CR EW & EWI-1 0.05 0.08 0.06
CR EW & EWI-2 0.03 0.08 0.05
CR EW & EWI-3 − 0.03 − 0.05 − 0.06
CR EW & EWI-4 − 0.06 − 0.07 − 0.06
CR EW & EWI-9 0.02 0.05 0.07
CR EW & EWI-13 0.02 0.03 0.08
RE EW & EWI-1 0.65 1.12 0.55
RE EW & EWI-2 0.46 0.99 0.46
RE EW & EWI-3 − 0.41 − 0.66 − 0.48
RE EW & EWI-4 − 0.71 − 0.90 − 0.53
RE EW & EWI-9 0.27 0.67 0.62
RE EW & EWI-13 0.26 0.45 0.66
  1. Correlated response (CR) of EW content and indices, and relative efficiency of indirect selection (RE) of EW with indices 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, and 13