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Table 3 The summary results of ANOVA tests for the effect of measurement location and the set water bath temperature within each species

From: Floral infrared emissivity estimates using simple tools

Species Effect F df p Post hoc
B. perennis Interaction 0.30 2, 55 0.743
Water bath temp 0.03 1, 55 0.859
Measurement location 50.19 2, 55 < 0.001 R ~ (B + E)
Campanula sp. Interaction 1.03 2, 66 0.362
Water bath temp 4.52 1, 66 0.037 *
Measurement location 17.70 2, 66 < 0.001 R ~ (B + E)
E. californica Interaction 6.80 2, 55 0.002 *
Water bath temp 2.07 1, 55 0.156
Measurement location 249.31 2, 55 < 0.001 *
Measurement location at 45 °C 215.59 2, 22 < 0.001 R ~ (B + E)
Measurement location at 35 °C 109.84 2, 22 < 0.001 R ~ (B + E)
L. vulgare Interaction 0.90 2, 55 0.411
Water bath temp 10.55 1, 55 0.002 *
Measurement location 167.56 2, 55 < 0.001 R ~ (B + E)
P. fruticosa Interaction 0.71 2, 66 0.493
Water bath temp 10.36 1, 66 0.002 *
Measurement location 136.12 2, 66 < 0.001 R ~ (B + E)
Taraxacum agg. Interaction 1.16 2, 55 0.320
Water bath temp 1.53 1, 55 0.222
Measurement location 14.23 2, 55 < 0.001 E ~ (B + R)
  1. F statistics (F), degrees of freedom (df), and probability (p) are given for each effect and their interactions, as are a summary of the results of post hoc Tukey’s tests (Post hoc). * Indicates a significant effect of water bath temperature. Post hoc results for measurement location are indicated by: ‘R ~ (B + E)’ indicates a significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between the reproductive structures and the petal base as well as a significant difference between the reproductive structures and the petal edge within that species; ‘E ~ (B + R)’ between the petal edge and the petal base as well as a significant difference between the petal edge and the reproductive structures of that species; ‘–’ indicates no significant effect at that level