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Table 1 Description of the locations where data used to develop, calibrate and validate the models for the selected maize varieties was collected as described in [16]

From: Methodological approach for predicting and mapping the phenological adaptation of tropical maize (Zea mays L.) using multi-environment trials

Locations (latitude–longitude) Altitude (m) Country Soil characteristics Rainfall during cropping season (mm) Temperature (°C) Data use
Minimum Maximum
Vihiga (0°32′S–34°47′E) 1629 Kenya Friable clay 550 14.1 27.0 Model evaluation
Nyahera (0°1′S–34°44′E) 1548 Kenya Friable clay loam 520 17.0 29.4 Model evaluation
Kiboswa (0°1′S–34°44′E) 1532 Kenya Friable clay loam 520 17.0 29.4 Model evaluation
Embu (0°30′S–37°27′E) 1504 Kenya Clay loam 346 13.9 24.6 Model development and calibration
Bungoma (0°33′S–34°33′E) 1374 Kenya Clay loam 374 11.4 25.4 Model development and calibration
Kibos (0°2′S–34°48′E) 1193 Kenya Sandy loam 547 16.3 30.7 Model development and calibration
Alupe (0°30′N–34°7′E) 1153 Kenya Sandy clay loam 679 15.8 28.6 Model development and calibration
Pawe (11°09′N–36°09′E) 1100 Ethiopia Clay loam 878 16.6 33.4 Model development and calibration
Wad Medani (14°23′N–33°31′E) 400 Sudan Clay 119 20.3 36.9 Model development and calibration