From: An innovative light chamber for measuring photosynthesis by three-dimensional plant organs

Maximal assimilation at saturating irradiance A_{max}
| Apparent quantum yield α |
Dark respiration R_{d}
| |
---|---|---|---|

Simple equations | 6%, 23% | 167%, 200% | 9%, 19% |

Equations accounting for irradiance heterogeneity | 15%, 21% | 13%, 28% | 6%, 18% |