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Table 2 Percentage estimation error statistics, mean (μ), standard deviation (σ), and the correlation coefficient (r) of the observed and estimated VI of each model

From: Estimation of vegetation indices for high-throughput phenotyping of wheat using aerial imaging

DaS Model \(\mu \pm \sigma\) r
93 DNN-RGB − 1.78 ± 4.03 0.97
DNN-GRAY 0.00 ± 7.40 0.86
DNN-T − 5.34 ± 4.30 0.98
LR-RGB − 1.68 ± 6.92 0.89
113 DNN-RGB − 0.61 ± 2.38 0.98
DNN-GRAY 1.41 ± 5.67 0.68
DNN-T − 0.56 ± 2.32 0.99
LR-RGB 1.91 ± 5.66 0.70
135 DNN-RGB 0.50 ± 1.73 0.96
DNN-GRAY 0.70 ± 3.22 0.84
DNN-T 1.27 ± 1.62 0.97
LR-RGB − 1.57 ± 2.90 0.89
141 DNN-RGB 0.87 ± 1.82 0.97
DNN-GRAY − 2.07 ± 3.14 0.90
DNN-T 2.53 ± 1.74 0.97
LR-RGB − 1.97 ± 2.98 0.91
156 DNN-RGB 1.09 ± 2.51 0.96
DNN-GRAY 2.08 ± 6.89 0.88
DNN-T 3.46 ± 2.18 0.97
LR-RGB 4.07 ± 5.91 0.93
170 DNN-RGB 1.45 ± 4.42 0.95
DNN-GRAY 6.78 ±14.78 0.80
DNN-T 6.62 ± 4.02 0.96
LR-RGB 9.14 ±17.84 0.81
182 DNN-RGB − 1.81 ± 9.56 0.83
DNN-GRAY − 8.13 ±23.21 0.73
DNN-T − 28.83 ± 7.13 0.86
LR-RGB − 11.46 ±26.03 0.87