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Table 2 Commonly used promoters, un-translated regions and insertion sites for chloroplast transformation as avowed in [25, 117]

From: Recent achievements obtained by chloroplast transformation

Promoter 5′-UTRs 3′-UTRs Popular insertion sites
PpsbA Ggagg rbcL rbcL-accD
Prna T7G10 rps16 Trnl-trnA
PrbcL rbcL petD rp132-trnL
psaA atpB psbA petA-psbJ
atpI psbA   3’rps12/7-trnV
  cry2a   Trn16/V-3’rps12/7
    23srrnA-16srrnA
    trnfM-trnG
    atpB-rbcL
    trN-trnR
    Ycf3-trnS
    rps7-ndhB