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Fig. 1 | Plant Methods

Fig. 1

From: Benchmarking electrical methods for rapid estimation of root biomass

Fig. 1

Four-terminal (4T) sensing of plant–soil system. P1 and P2 are voltage-measuring electrodes. The LCR meter is simplified by an alternating current source, an ammeter A measuring current flowing between C1 and C2 electrodes and a voltmeter V measuring voltage between P1 and P2 electrodes. Phase difference between measured current and measured voltage is also performed by the LCR meter. Three-terminal (3T) sensing used in this study is obtained by merging C1 and P1, and conventional two-terminal (2T) sensing is obtained by additionally merging C2 and P2

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